The Philippines, which is situated in Southeast Asia, is rich in both natural resources and history. It is also one of the world’s largest archipelago nations. It is considered as one of the mega biodiversity countries in the world with a high percentage of flora and fauna endemism. It has three main geographical areas – Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Philippines is known for its cultural diversity because of its archipelagic nature and with its topography consisting of mountainous terrains, dense forests, plains, and coastal areas.